Ubuntu下使用mail命令发送邮件,ping不通写入文件并截图

ubuntu 18版本以上挪到下边用heirloom-mailx来发邮件。


apt-get update
apt-get install mailx
apt-get install mail

sudo apt-get install heirloom-mailx

此时还不能发送外部服务器邮件,需要完成以下配置,修改/etc/nail.rc或者/etc/s-nail.rc(Ubuntu)、/etc/mail.rc(centOS)、vi /etc/nail.rc或者/etc/s-nail.rc

在nail.rc文件末尾添加一下两行代码:

set from=zhangqing@***.com
set smtp=smtp.exmail.qq.com
set smtp-auth-user=zhangqing@***.com
set smtp-auth-password="******"
set smtp-auth=login

按照以上步骤设置完毕之后即可使用mail命令发送邮件,发送邮件有以下三种方式:

  • 方法一:交互形式发送邮件
    • mail + 邮箱地址
    • 填写主题
    • 填写内容
    • ctrl + d 结束输入
    • cc代表抄送,回车完成发送
  • 方法二:通道形式发送
    • echo “邮件内容” | mail -s “主题” 邮箱地址
  • 方法三:读取文件内容发送
    • mail -s “主题” “邮箱地址” < “path/filename”

Test:ping某个ip不通时发送邮件

#!/bin/bash 
yourip=210.*.*.*

pingsh(){
nowdate=`date +%Y%m%d-%H:%M:%S`
if  ping -c 1 $yourip  >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
        echo " ping $yourip from 192.168.3.87 at $nowdate is good" >> /var/log/pinglog.log
else
echo "ping $yourip from 192.168.3.87 at $nowdate is down!" >> /var/log/pinglog.log
echo "ping $yourip from 192.168.3.87 at $nowdate is down! AND Go to 3.87 start [bash /var/cro.sh]" | mail -s "Bole internet waring!!!" zhangqing@***.com
fi
}

step=2 #间隔的秒数,不能大于60 
for (( i = 0; i < 10; i=(i+step) )); do
  	pingsh 
  	echo $i
	sleep $step 
	#判断如果不能ping通则退出循环,停止该脚本的执行。
	if  ping -c 1 $yourip  >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
		echo " ping $yourip from 192.168.3.87 at $nowdate is good"
	else
		exit 0
	fi

done
exit 0

 

step为间隔ping时间。i<10,为执行的总秒数。

 


heirloom-mailx配置:

配置软件源

ubuntu18.04上无法直接安装heirloom-mailx,需要添加软件源

sudo vi  /etc/apt/sources.list

写入

deb http://cz.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu xenial main universe

安装heirloom-mailx

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt install heirloom-mailx

配置外部SMTP

Ubuntu18.04的配置文件为/etc/s-nail.rc,把下面几行放置在最后

set from="123456789@qq.com" 
set smtp="smtps://smtp.qq.com:465"
set smtp-auth-user="123456789@qq.com"
set smtp-auth-password="ahkphxxabcbshabbga"
set smtp-auth=login

 

注意:第四行password是指的QQ邮箱授权码,不是密码

测试

echo "邮件内容" | s-nail  -s "邮件主题" xxx456@126.com

或者

s-nail  -s "邮件主题" 123xxx@126.com  < result.txt

 

测试ping不通时发钉钉,恢复通之后发钉钉:

#!/bin/bash
yourip=172.18.188.1
yourip2=192.168.0.1
yourip3=192.168.177.1
yourip4=$1
serverip=192.168.0.49

pingsh4(){
nowdate=`date +%Y%m%d-%H:%M:%S`
nowdate2=`date +%Y%m%d-%H`
if  ping -c 1 $yourip4  >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
        echo " ping $yourip4 from $serverip at $nowdate is good" >> /var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log
else

    echo "ping $yourip4 from $serverip at $nowdate is down!" >> /var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log

    sleep 1
    if  ping -c 1 $yourip4  >/dev/null 2>&1 ; then
        nowdatedown=`date +%Y%m%d-%H:%M:%S`
        echo " ping $yourip4 from $serverip at $nowdatedown is good" >> /var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log
    return
    else
        echo "ping $yourip4 from $serverip at $nowdatedown is down!" >> /var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log
        python3.6 robot.py "ping $yourip4 from $serverip at $nowdatedown is down!(2th in 3s)"
    return
    fi

fi
}


ping_count=3
pingok=y

pingsh5() {
#ping_result0=`ping  $yourip4 -w 3 -c $ping_count -i 1`  
ping_result=`ping  $yourip4 -w 3 -c $ping_count -i 1   |tail -2 |head -1`
 
   #取成功条数
   succ_ping=`echo $ping_result | gawk '{print $4}'`
   #取失败百分比
   loss_ping=`echo $ping_result | gawk '{print $6}'`
    if [ $succ_ping -eq $ping_count ];then
        echo "本次检测结果---->$yourip4服务器ping检测正常"
        #echo "`date "+%Y%m%d %H:%M:%S"`--->$ping_result0" >>/var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log
        echo "`date "+%Y%m%d %H:%M:%S"`--->$yourip4 server ping is ok,$loss_ping packet loss." >>/var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log

        if [[ $pingok = 'n' ]];then
            python3.6 robot.py "V~Server ($yourip4) ping is ok from $serverip~~~$loss_ping packet loss.`date "+%Y%m%d-%H:%M:%S"`"
            pingok=y
        fi
    else
        echo "本次检测结果---->$yourip4服务器有丢包现象,丢包率为:$loss_ping"
        #echo "`date "+%Y%m%d %H:%M:%S"`--->$ping_result0" >>/var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log
        echo "`date "+%Y%m%d %H:%M:%S"`--->$yourip4 server ping is down,$loss_ping packet loss." >>/var/www/html/ping/log/pinglog-$nowdate2-$yourip4.log
        if [[ $pingok = 'y' ]] && [[$loss_ping = '100%']];then 
            python3.6 robot.py "X~Server ($yourip4) ping is bad from $serverip!!!$loss_ping packet loss.`date "+%Y%m%d-%H:%M:%S"`"
            pingok=n
        fi
        
    fi

}


step=2 #间隔的秒数,不能大于60
for (( i = 0; i < 1000000000; i=(i+1) ))
do
    pingsh5	
    echo $i
    sleep 3
    datetimerm=59
    datetimes=50

        #判断如果不能ping通则sleep100s。
    
    if [ $(date +%M) -eq "$datetimerm" ]
    then
    	echo $(date +%M:%S)
        mv ./log/pinglog-* ./log/oldlog/
    	#rm ./log/pinglog-*.log
        sleep 65
    fi

done
exit 0

 

解析域名写入到log,分析域名解析到的ip地址。

#!/bin/bash
#yourip=39.102.117.166


step=2 #间隔的秒数,不能大于60
for (( i = 0; i < 100000000; i=(i+1) ))
do

        str001=$(nslookup d105xpbtjj9cjp.cloudfront.net 172.18.188.3)
    echo "$str001"  >> ./log/nslookuplog172181883.log
                    
    str003=$(nslookup d105xpbtjj9cjp.cloudfront.net 10.161.0.3)
    echo "$str003"  >> ./log/nslookuplog1016103.log

        str005=$(nslookup d5kwyqpbdauu5.cloudfront.net 172.18.188.3)
    echo "$str005"  >> ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d5k.log
                    
    str007=$(nslookup d5kwyqpbdauu5.cloudfront.net 10.161.0.3)
    echo "$str007"  >> ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d5k.log


        str008=$(nslookup d2rargdj3vlbg6.cloudfront.net 172.18.188.3)
    echo "$str008"  >> ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d2r.log
                    
    str009=$(nslookup d2rargdj3vlbg6.cloudfront.net 10.161.0.3)
    echo "$str009"  >> ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d2r.log

    echo $i
        sleep 10 
    
    #tiqu-ip
    cat ./log/nslookuplog172181883.log |grep -E 'Add|Name' > ./log/nslookuplog172181883ip.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog1016103.log |grep -E 'Add|Name' > ./log/nslookuplog1016103ip.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d5k.log |grep -E 'Add|Name' > ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d5k-ip.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d5k.log |grep -E 'Add|Name' > ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d5k-ip.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d2r.log |grep -E 'Add|Name' > ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d2r-ip.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d2r.log |grep -E 'Add|Name' > ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d2r-ip.log

    #quchong-ip
    cat ./log/nslookuplog172181883ip.log |sort |uniq > ./log/nslookuplog172181883ip-uniq.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog1016103ip.log |sort |uniq > ./log/nslookuplog1016103ip-uniq.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d5k-ip.log |sort |uniq > ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d5k-ip-uniq.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d5k-ip.log |sort |uniq > ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d5k-ip-uniq.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d2r-ip.log |sort |uniq > ./log/nslookuplog172181883-d2r-ip-uniq.log
    cat ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d2r-ip.log |sort |uniq > ./log/nslookuplog1016103-d2r-ip-uniq.log

    #end
    cat ./log/*-uniq.log |sort |uniq > ./log/end.log

done
exit 0


 

获取到Add行的内容并写到log文件。

cat nslookuplog1.log|grep -E 'Add' > nslookuplog1-ip.log

 

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